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Some psychopaths can control their self-serving behaviors so they remain (perhaps just barely) within the bounds of legal behavior, not because to do otherwise would be "wrong," but because being caught would unduly interfere with their efforts to get what they want.
In some circumstances, psychopathic traits may actually help an individual become a well-regarded (although not necessarily well-liked) member of society. This is a detailed overview of the development and structural properties of the PCL-R and its derivatives.
— Therapy is not helpful or even counterproductive in psychopaths (increasing psychopathic behavior) versus the view that the effects of therapy can be positive, especially in youth.
Others have suggested results of therapy are essentially unknown based upon today's data.
While violence may be an option, a psychopath is just as willing to use a well-timed compliment, a subtle misstatement of the truth, or an exaggerated apology to achieve his or her self-serving goals.
Instrumental aggression (sometimes called proactive or predatory aggression) is planned, controlled, and purposeful, and is used for a particular aim—for example, to get drugs or sex, or just to establish dominance. Failure to accept responsibility for own actions 17.
The primary goal is not necessarily to injure others but simply to obtain the desired outcome.
Hare has also been important in popularizing psychopathy in the lay public, especially via his 1993 book Without conscience and by the 2006 Snakes in suits, a work he co-authored, examining the psychopath in a business context. These results reveal potential neural underpinnings of moral insensitivity in psychopathy and are discussed with reference to neurobiological models of morality and psychopathy. Factor 1 is most closely correlated with the classic clinical description of the psychopathic personality.
This business/leadership theme was later followed up by Lawrence (2010). It is only marginally related to many self-report personality scales, to quality of family background, to criminal behavior, and to diagnoses of antisocial personality disorder (APD).