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The radiocarbon date was thus not valid for determining the true age of the shroud." "As part of the Shroud of Turin research project (STURP), I took 32 adhesive-tape samples from all areas of the shroud and associated textiles in 1978." "It enabled direct chemical testing on recovered linen fibers and particulates".
"If the shroud had been produced between 12 AD, as indicated by the radiocarbon analyses, lignin should be easy to detect.
test negative], the cloth must be quite old." "A determination of the kinetics of vanillin loss suggests that the shroud is between 1300- and 3000-years old. On the evidence that the radiocarbon date of the Turin Shroud was significantly affected by the 1532 fire.
Even allowing for errors in the measurements and assumptions about storage conditions, the cloth is unlikely to be as young as 840 years." "A gum/dye/mordant [(for affixing dye)] coating is easy to observe on... No other part of the shroud shows such a coating." "The radiocarbon sample had been dyed. Effects of fires and biofractionation of carbon isotopes on results of radiocarbon dating of old textiles: the Shroud of Turin. Actes du III Symposium Scientifique International du CIELT, Nice, France.
These dimensions correlate with ancient measurements of 2 cubits x 8 cubits - consistent with loom technology of the period.
The finer weave of 3-over-1 herringbone is consistent with the New Testament statement that the "sindon" (or shroud) was purchased by Joseph of Arimathea, who was a wealthy man.
The stitching pattern, which she says was the work of a professional, is quite similar to the hem of a cloth found in the tombs of the Jewish fortress of Masada. This kind of stitch has never been found in Medieval Europe.
1988 CARBON-14 TEST REFUTED The 1988 Carbon-14 tests done at Oxford, Zurich and Arizona Labs used pieces of the same sample cut from a corner (lower left of above pictures).1.
A Jan 20, 2005 paper in the professional journal Thermo Chimica Acta by Dr.
Riggi passed away in 2008, but he had been involved in the intensive scientific examination of the Shroud of Turin by the STURP group in 1978, and on April 21, 1988 was the man who cut from the Shroud the thin 7 x 1 cm sliver of linen that was used for carbon dating.
These tests were carried out in University of Padua laboratories by professors from various Italian universities, led by Giulio Fanti, Italian professor of mechanical and thermal measurement at the University of Padua's engineering faculty.