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Originally composed in Greek, they were translated (2d–3d cent. Until the texts' discovery, knowledge of Christian gnosticism was confined to reports and quotations of their orthodox opponents, such as Irenaeus and Tertullian. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates.Among the codices are apocalypses, gospels, a collection of sayings of the resurrected Jesus to his disciples, homilies, prayers, and theological treatises. 221-222) Marvin Meyer writes, "From the many parallels between the present text and the one immediately preceding it in Codex II, the Nature of the Rulers, it is obvious that there is a relationship between these two texts, though the precise nature of that relationship remains unknown.Louis Painchaud also sees similarities between On the Origin of the World and Eugnostos the Blessed. Kent Brown was a professor of ancient scripture at Brigham Young University when this was published. Written in Coptic on papyrus leaves, this collection of texts includes fifty-two separate works which were originally bound in twelve or thirteen leather-covered codices.The way the tractate is put together, with apparent glosses and excursuses, leads us to believe that it has grown over time.
Much of its mythology is based on early Sethian Gnostic literature.
It was certainly composed somewhere in Egypt, probably Alexandria." (Ancient Gnosticism, p.
The Nag Hammadi Library is a collection of sacred texts that were discovered by Mohammed Ali Samman in 1945 in the small village of Nag Hammâdi (Chenoboskion in classical antiquity) in central Egypt.
The contents of the codices were written in Coptic, though the works were mostly (all? Most famous of these works must be the Gospel of Thomas, of which the Nag Hammadi codices contain the only complete copy.
After the discovery it was recognized that fragments of these sayings of Jesus appeared in manuscripts that had been discovered at Oxyrhynchus in 1898, and quotations were recognized in other early Christian sources.