Dating site in iran in 2016
One way that Sunnis—as well as disaffected non-Sunni members of Iranian society—have responded to this environment is to embrace Salafism, hardline Sunni orthodoxy, according to Mehdi Khalaji, a fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.The Internet has allowed Salafis to spread their ideas and create networks throughout the country.“Given these factors and the increasing resentment among Iran’s Arab, Kurdish, and Baluch population, the growth of Salafism is a clear security threat to the regime.”Nonetheless, President Hassan Rouhani promised during his 2013 campaign to improve religious freedom and tolerance, and he fared particularly well in voting in regions with heavy Sunni representation. Commission on International Religious Freedom concluded that “President Hassan Rouhani has not delivered on his campaign promises to strengthen civil liberties for religious minorities,” citing, among other things, the growth in the number of Sunni Muslims imprisoned for their beliefs.Rouhani has since repeated his desire to improve Sunni-Shia relations, and the government has trumpeted its outreach. The growth of ISIS, which is Sunni, doesn’t make Iran’s opening up to Sunnis any more likely—especially when taken with a fear of growing Salafism within the country, and paired with widespread (but unsubstantiated) belief in parts of the Middle East that the Saudi government is funding ISIS.The conversion was accompanied by a massive crackdown on Sunnis, so that over time much of the population became Shia.Today, most of the Sunnis who remain are mostly from minority ethnic groups—Arabs, Turkmen, Kurds, Baluch—rather than Persians. Many of these Sunnis also live in remote, impoverished areas, making it difficult to tell whether poor government services are a result of sectarian discrimination or not.
In practice, however, the status of Sunnis appears more precarious.It is, Lynch writes, “cynical manipulation of identity politics by regimes seeking to advance their domestic and foreign policy interests. Sectarianism today is intense, but that is because of politics.” Regardless of the causes, the tension puts more pressure on the minority sects in each country.century, Persia was mostly Sunni.At the turn of that century, the Safavid dynasty conquered much of what is now Iran and made Shiism the official religion.and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan; to the north by the Caspian Sea; to the northeast by Turkmenistan; to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan; to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman; and to the west by Turkey and Iraq.The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance.